Make It Clear
Speak and Write to Persuade and Inform

By Patrick Henry Winston

Foreword by Gill Pratt

The essentials of communication for professionals, educators, students, and entrepreneurs, from organizing your thoughts to inspiring your audience.







































1978 - A young Patrick, in his ever present rock-star style, demonstrating his arch learning program and the idea of Learning from Examples and Near Misses

2011 - Professor Winston talked about teaching computers to understand stories


2001 - Professor Winston taught AI at ArsDigita University.

Lecture 1: Rule-based systems and Knowledge Engineering
Lecture 2: Searching and Coloring
Lecture 3: Nearest Neighbors, Identification Trees
Lecture 4: Neural Nets, Back Propagation, Support Vector Machines

  • Communication (Coming up in 2019?)

  • On To Java, 3rd Edition, 2001 (Online version)

  • On To Smalltalk, 1997 (Online version)

  • On To C++, 2nd Edition, 1995 (Online version)

  • On To C, 1994 (Online version)

  • LISP, 1989

  • Artificial Intelligence, 3rd Edition, 1992

  • Artificial Intelligence, 2nd Edition, 1984

  • Artificial Intelligence, 1st Edition, 1984

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Written by Berthold K.P. Horn.


In the second half of 1970, after completing his Ph.D. thesis (and getting Marvin Minsky to actually read it), Patrick pulled together a group of researchers to put together a “closed loop” robotics system. That is, one that encompasses sensing, planning, and actuation that affects the objects being sensed...

... Sadly, the copy demo project was not documented well because the people working on it dispersed (post Ph.D.) and Patrick was soon roped into managing the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, with little time for writing papers about past projects. As a result it is perhaps not as widely known as say Stanford's Shakey project, which also demonstrated visual sensing, planning and actuation.

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Written by M.R. O’Connor


... Patrick Henry Winston begged to differ.

“I think Turing and Minsky were wrong,” he told me in 2017. “We forgive them because they were smart and mathematicians, but like most mathematicians, they thought reasoning is the key, not the byproduct.” 

Written by Adam Conner-Simons and Rachel Gordon


Beloved professor conducted pioneering research on imbuing machines with human-like intelligence, including the ability to understand stories.


Patrick Henry Winston, our friend, colleague, teacher, and mentor, lives on forever in us.